TADM2E 1.11

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The basis case is when $ n = 0 $

$ \sum_{i=1}^0 i^2 = 0^2 = 0 $

and using $ n=0 $ in the formula $ \frac {n(n + 1)(2 \cdot n + 1)} {6} $ you get:

$ \frac {0(0 + 1)(2 \cdot 0 + 1)} {6} = \frac {0(1)(0 + 1)} {6} = \frac {0} {6} = 0 $

Since these are equal, the basis case is true.


Now, I will show that on the assumption that the summation is true for n, it follows that it is true for $ n+1 $

$ \sum_{i = 1}^{n + 1} i^2 = (n + 1)^2 + \sum_{i = 1}^n i^2 = (n^2 + 2n + 1) + \frac{n(n + 1)(2 \cdot n + 1)} {6} = \frac{6n^2 + 12n + 6}{6}+ \frac{2n^3 + 3n^2 + n} {6} = \frac {2n^3 + 9n^2 + 13n + 6} {6} $

Which should be equal to the formula $ \frac {n(n + 1)(2 \cdot n + 1)} {6} $ when $ n = n + 1 $: $ \frac {(n + 1)(n + 1 + 1)(2 \cdot (n + 1) + 1)} {6}= \frac {(n + 1)(n + 2)(2n + 2 + 1)} {6}= \frac {(n^2 + 3n + 2)(2n + 3)} {6}= \frac {2n^3 + 9n^2 + 13n + 6} {6} $


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